The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) are emerging as a new integrated and long-term urban mobility planning approach that allows local authorities to develop and implement urban mobility strategies based on in-depth analyses of the current situation. SUMPs provide a clear vision for the sustainable development of the urban areas for which they are designed and which include reducing energy consumption, air pollution and noise pollution, accidents, congestion, preservation of communal areas, etc. ..
The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) are a strategic plan which are based on existing planning practices and are inspired by the principles of unified design, participation and evaluation in order to cover the mobilityand transport needs of people today and in the future, for a better quality of life in the city and its perimeter.
The Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) aim to create sustainable urban transport and travel system which:
- ensure accessibility of jobs and services to all
- improve the transportable protection and security
- reduce the pollution, the greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption
- increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the transport of people and goods
- enhances the attractiveness and quality of the urban environment
The plan is based on a single acceptable long-term vision for transport and mobility across the urban area, covering all ways and ways of transport (public and private, passenger and freight, motorised and non-motorised) as well as traveling behaviour and parking. The strategic vision provides a qualitative description of the desired future and directs the development of the appropriate planning framework. The vision is specified to specific goals, which show the type of change you want. Changes and impacts are measurable and correlate with the hierarchy of objectives, focusing on suitably selected performance indicators.
Lastly, it must be pointed out that, based on recent guidelines of the European Commission, the existence of an approved SUMP will be a prerequisite for the participation of city stakeholders in any co-financed transport programme in the new programming period 2014-2020.
The Municipality, having strategically guided the implementation of traffic interventions respecting the basic principles of sustainable urban mobility and road safety, promotes the implementation of a strategic plan for sustainable urban mobility with the aim of improving the accessibility of the urban area of the Municipality and providing high quality and sustainable mobility and transport, whether it is a movement within the urban area of the Municipality itself, or concerns a traffic passing through the Municipality’s road network. This strategic plan will set the framework on which the Municipal Authority will move over the next few years to upgrade the level of service to residents’ journeys with a view to ensuring a safer, more efficient and compatible environmentally friendly transport and traffic system. A system that focuses on the traveling citizen as a pedestrian, a bicycle user and a public transport user and last as a driver / passenger. In this way, the concepts of mobility and accessibility give priority to the pedestrian, the bicycle, the use of the Mass Media and then the car, and this will be the dimension of the interventions to be designed.
At the same time, taking into account the wider environment in the context of the modern design of transport systems in order to provide a high level of transport services, the Municipality promotes this work in the direction of the EU’s key strategic documents with significant benefits – advantages, such as:
- The creation of a complete and integrated local action plan focusing on the mobility of residents, workers and visitors within the boundaries of the municipal territory. In particular, the Integrated Action Plan will clearly indicate the studies – projects – actions – cooperation in the field of transport and transportation that the Municipality should develop in the next ten (10) years.
- The establishment of an instrument for access to the financing of urban mobility projects by the European Structural Funds of the new programming period, both in terms of the national section and the new NSRF 2014-2020, but also with regard to the European Territorial Cooperation Programs. In particular, the Integrated Action Plan will clearly indicate the studies – projects – actions – cooperation in the field of transport and transportation that the Municipality should develop in the next ten (10) years. The immediate preparation of the strategic plan is a very crucial issue for our municipality, since calls have already been published by the European Commission to co-finance projects in this area (Adrion project SMILE), giving a competitive advantage to municipality holding an integrated plan for sustainable urban mobility. In addition, the City will be able to join the active European Civitas and Polis Civic Networks for Sustainable Mobility (CIVITAS and POLIS) that have the subject of exchanging know-how, good practices and collaborations in co-funded projects.
On the basis of the above, the proposed SUMP aims at the balanced development of all modes of transport, with particular emphasis on mild forms of mobility, with objectives that are in line with the principles of sustainability and travel safety. Indicatively, the following are listed:
- Improve the level of service of citizens’ movements (intra-municipal and inter-municipal) by improving transport infrastructure, enhancing public transport and enhancing the means of gentle transport,
- reducing the environmental impact (air pollution, traffic noise, optical pollution, etc.) due to increased use of more environmentally friendly means of transport,
- Increasing the attractiveness of the area as a place of residence and work,
- Increase of the area’s traffic, which stimulates the local market,
- Introduction of Intelligent Transport Systems with information on traffic conditions and parking and bus stops (smart stops),
- Urban road safety through measures such as policing and improving the road network following the identification of dangerous points
All of this will be based on decisions supported by citizens and stakeholders: Planning for people requires planning with people. Through citizens and other stakeholders, decisions for or against urban mobility measures can achieve a significant level of “public legitimacy”.
Transportation planning is guided by the structure of the urban space, serving the objectives of spatial planning / urban planning, based on its principles and rules. Consequently, combined spatial / urban planning and transport planning is a key principle for a viable city. In order for European and Greek cities to cope with their aggravated urban and transport history, a combined urban, urban and transport planning policy is needed to allow better traffic organization with emphasis on alternative ways of transport.